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Adrenal Tumor/Pheochromocytomas/Adrenal Cancer/Incidentaloma

The adrenal glands are two small organs, one located above each kidney. They are triangular in shape and about the size of a thumb. The adrenal glands are known as endocrine glands because they produce hormones. These hormones are involved in control of blood pressure, chemical levels in the blood, water use in the body, glucose usage, and the “fight or flight” reaction during times of stress. These adrenal-produced hormones include cortisol, aldosterone, the adrenaline hormones – epinephrine and norepinephrine – and a small fraction of the body’s sex hormones (estrogen and androgens).

Adrenal incidentalomas fall into one of three categories:

  • Functioning tumors – these tumors make too much of any of the hormones that the adrenal glands normally make and include aldosterone-producing adenomas (See Primary Hyperaldosteronism), cortisol-producing tumors (Cushing's Syndrome), adrenaline producing tumors ( Pheochromocytoma), or sex-hormone producing tumors.
  • Malignant tumors – These tumors include adrenocortical cancer and metastatic disease.
  • Benign, non-functional tumors – These tumors include adenomas, myelolipomas, ganglioneuromas, adrenal cysts, and hematomas.
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Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy For Adrenal Tumor

In a laparoscopic adrenalectomy, the adrenal gland is removed through 3 or 4 very small incisions and removing the adrenal gland using a small camera and special instruments. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy offers the shortest recovery time and the least amount of postoperative pain. Most patients may leave the hospital within a day or two of the operation. In general, tumors that are smaller than 10 cm in size with a low risk of being adrenocortical cancer can be removed laparoscopically.

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Top Doctors In India For Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy For Adrenal Tumor

Dr. M Shafi Kuchay

12 years of experience , Gurugram, Delhi/NCR, India

Dr. Ambrish Mithal

37 years of experience , Gurugram, Delhi/NCR, India

Top Hospitals In India For Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy For Adrenal Tumor