The valves of the heart are responsible for allowing nutrient-rich blood to flow through the chambers of your heart. Each valve is supposed to close completely after ushering in blood flow.
There are four types of valves in the human heart –
Stenosis, or a narrowing of the blood vessels, causes a less-than-normal amount of blood to flow to the heart. This causes the muscle to work harder. Leaky valves can also pose a problem. Instead of closing tightly, a valve may remain slightly open, letting blood flow backwards. This is called regurgitation.
The most common valve surgical procedure is aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis. Mitral stenosis is another condition that sometimes requires a valve replacement procedure.
In some cardiac disease like Rheumatic heart disease cause the congestive heart failure and death owing to valvular pathologies. In these cases valve replacement (Mitral and Aortic ) still remains the treatment of choice in such patients.
Mechanical valves last for 25 years in some patients without problems. It is possible that a new artificial valve could last for the rest of life. But in some situations, mechanical valves require replacement within months or a few years.
The cost of heart valve replacement depends on several factors such as a number of valves replaced, the extent of damage, the hospital charges, and the number of days of hospitalization. The total heart valve replacement surgery cost may vary from $5000 and $15000, depending on the facility that you choose to get operated in.
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