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Adrenal Tumor/Pheochromocytomas/Adrenal Cancer/Incidentaloma

The adrenal glands are two small organs, one located above each kidney. They are triangular in shape and about the size of a thumb. The adrenal glands are known as endocrine glands because they produce hormones. These hormones are involved in control of blood pressure, chemical levels in the blood, water use in the body, glucose usage, and the “fight or flight” reaction during times of stress. These adrenal-produced hormones include cortisol, aldosterone, the adrenaline hormones – epinephrine and norepinephrine – and a small fraction of the body’s sex hormones (estrogen and androgens).

Adrenal incidentalomas fall into one of three categories:

  • Functioning tumors – these tumors make too much of any of the hormones that the adrenal glands normally make and include aldosterone-producing adenomas (See Primary Hyperaldosteronism), cortisol-producing tumors (Cushing's Syndrome), adrenaline producing tumors ( Pheochromocytoma), or sex-hormone producing tumors.
  • Malignant tumors – These tumors include adrenocortical cancer and metastatic disease.
  • Benign, non-functional tumors – These tumors include adenomas, myelolipomas, ganglioneuromas, adrenal cysts, and hematomas.
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Radiation Therapy For Adrenal Cancer

In radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays (or particles) to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy is not used often as the main initial treatment for adrenal cancer because the cancer cells are not easy to kill with x-rays. Radiation may be used after surgery to help keep the tumor from coming back. This is called adjuvant therapy. Types of radiation surgery: A. External beam radiation therapy (focuses radiation on the cancer from a machine outside the body). B. Brachytherapy: This is internal radiation therapy uses small pellets of radioactive material placed next to or directly into the cancer, sometimes in thin plastic tubes. The tubes containing the pellets are left in place for a few days and then removed. This type of radiation is not often used to treat adrenal cortical carncer.

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Top Doctors In India For Radiation Therapy For Adrenal Cancer

Dr Saket Kant

19 years of experience ,

Dr. M Shafi Kuchay

12 years of experience , Gurugram, Delhi/NCR, India

Dr. Ambrish Mithal

37 years of experience , Gurugram, Delhi/NCR, India

Top Hospitals In India For Radiation Therapy For Adrenal Cancer