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Multiple Myeloma

Multiple Myeloma is a type of blood cancer that affects plasma cells, a type of white blood cells (WBC). These WBC's are part of your immune system, which helps protect the body from germs and other harmful pathogens. In multiple myeloma, the malignant overgrowth of plasma cells in the bone marrow can simply crowding out the normal plasma cells. These malignant plasma cells then produce an abnormal antibody known as M protein, which offers no benefit to the body and may cause tumors, kidney damage, bone destruction, and impaired immune function. The hallmark characteristic of multiple myeloma is a high level of M protein in the blood.

There are, however, other plasma cell disorders that also have abnormal plasma cells but do not meet the criteria to be called active multiple myeloma. These other plasma cell disorders include:

  • Monoclonal gammopathy of uncertain significance (MGUS)
  • Smouldering multiple myeloma (SMM)
  • Solitary plasmacytoma
  • Light chain amyloidosis.

No one knows the exact causes of multiple myeloma, but it is more common in older people and African Americans. It can run in families. Common symptoms may include:

  • Bone pain, often in the back or ribs
  • Broken bones
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Frequent infections and fevers
  • Feeling very thirsty
  • Frequent urination

Doctors diagnose multiple myeloma using:

  • Lab tests
  • Imaging tests
  • Bone marrow biopsy

Your treatment depends on how advanced the disease is and whether you have symptoms. 
If you have symptoms, you may have chemotherapy, stem cell transplantation, radiation, or targeted therapy. Targeted therapy uses substances that attack cancer cells without harming normal cells.

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Chemotherapy for Multiple Myeloma

Chemotherapy- can be a scary dream for many cancer patients, as some of them may believe it will cause enormous suffering and keep them away from their daily activities. The reality is that most of the people can continue working, spending time with their family and friends, and living their lives while receiving chemotherapy.

Chemotherapy uses drugs to treat cancer by killing cancerous cells that are in the process of dividing. Because cancer cells grow and divide more rapidly than most normal and healthy cells, they are affected more than normal cells. However, some healthy cells will be affected by chemotherapy as well and cause side effects. Most side effects can be prevented or lessened in severity.

In the treatment of multiple myeloma, chemotherapy is most often used in preparation for a stem cell transplant.

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Top Doctors In India For Chemotherapy for Multiple Myeloma

Dr. Sushant Mittal

10 years of experience , New Delhi, Delhi/NCR, India

Dr. Samit Purohit

10 years of experience , New Delhi, Delhi/NCR, India

Dr. Chandragouda Dodagoudar

18 years of experience , New Delhi, Delhi/NCR, India

Dr. Anil Kumar Anand

36 years of experience , New Delhi, Delhi/NCR, India