Haematology, also spelt as Hematology, refers to the branch of medicine concerned with the study of the cause, prognosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases related to blood. It involves treating diseases that affect the production of blood and its components, such as blood cells, haemoglobin, blood proteins, bone marrow, blood vessels, platelets, spleen, and the mechanism of coagulation. Such diseases might include blood clots, hemophilia, other bleeding disorders and blood cancers such as leukemia, multiple myeloma, and lymphoma. The laboratory work that goes into the study of blood is often performed by a medical technologist or medical laboratory scientist.
Physicians specialized in hematology are known as haematologists or hematologists. Their routine work mainly includes care and treatment of patients with hematological diseases. Many hematologists work as hemato-oncologists, to provide medical treatment for all types of cancer. Various hematologists and hematopathologists generally work in conjunction to formulate a diagnosis and deliver the most appropriate therapy if needed
Haematologists may specialize further, for example, in:
- Treating several bleeding disorders such as haemophilia and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
- Treating haematological malignancies such as leukemia (cancers) & lymphoma
- Treating hemoglobinopathies
- The science of blood transfusion and the work of a blood bank
- Bone marrow and stem cell transplantation
What's the best place for Haematology treatment?
India is one of the best countries for undergoing a haematology treatment. There are several top haematology hospitals in India which provide the highest level of care for the patient with hematological disorders. Moreover, they also have facilities for early detection and prevention of its disorders. Most of these hospitals regularly conduct health check-up programs to detect the early signs of problems with the patient's blood. The expert haematological surgeons in the nation are more inclined in using minimally invasive techniques and world-class equipment.